출처 : https://blog.fabioiotti.com/ip-address-batch/
This is a way to get the computer's IP address from a Batch script with a single line of code. Jump to TL;DR for the copy-paste ready code.
So... what do we need the IP address of this computer for? Do we need the our network address or our public address?
Getting Local IP Address
If the IP we need is the internal address (the one within current network's boundaries), we can ask our local DNS server (which knows our machine and our address). Local DNS server is running inside our router.
The correct way to proceed would be to run
ipconfig command and parse it's output, then handpick from the list of results the address we actually want.
What if we want this procedure to be completely automatic? Then we have two options: ask the DNS server with
nslookup command; or use local cache with
pingcommand. What we will be doing is ping our own machine and see what Windows decided to be the best address to use.
We will use
ping command to ping our local machine using IPv4 and sending only one packet. Since pinging the local machine, this operation should not halt and should never fail. When offline, this command will ping 127.0.0.1.
C:\Users\User>ping -4 -n 1 %ComputerName% Pinging MY-COMPUTER [192.168.1.139] with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.1.139: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128 Ping statistics for 192.168.1.139: Packets: Sent = 1, Received = 1, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 0ms, Average = 0ms
Let's first check what happens if our locale is not English...
C:\Users\User>ping -4 -n 1 %ComputerName% Esecuzione di Ping MY-COMPUTER [192.168.1.139] con 32 byte di dati: Risposta da 192.168.1.139: byte=32 durata<1ms TTL=128 Statistiche Ping per 192.168.1.139: Pacchetti: Trasmessi = 1, Ricevuti = 1, Persi = 0 (0% persi), Tempo approssimativo percorsi andata/ritorno in millisecondi: Minimo = 0ms, Massimo = 0ms, Medio = 0ms
We can extract the line with the IP inside square brackets by piping the results into
C:\Users\User>ping -4 -n 1 %ComputerName% | findstr "[" Pinging MY-COMPUTER [192.168.1.139] with 32 bytes of data:
And finally, we can discard anything outside of the brackets.
C:\Users\User>for /f "delims= tokens=2" %a in ('ping -4 -n 1 %ComputerName% ^| findstr [') do echo %a 192.168.1.139
Do we need this code to be Batch? Let's create a local_ip.bat file with the following contents…
@echo off for /f "delims= tokens=2" %%a in ('ping -4 -n 1 %ComputerName% ^| findstr [') do set ThisIP=%%a echo %ThisIP%
And we are done. 😄
Note: all this commands are available since Windows XP and we never rely on localized strings, we can thus use this script anywhere.
Getting Public IP Address
If we need the public address of the outer machine in current network, then we need to ask for a little help from the outside: we have to call an external service and ask where they see our request coming from.
We well be using the free ipify service.
C:\Users\User>powershell Invoke-RestMethod api.ipify.org 126.96.36.199
Note: I also tried with
nslookup myip.opendns.com. resolver1.opendns.comcommand but it didn't prove reliable as it failed in some of my networks.
Same as before: let's make this a Batch script. Name it public_ip.bat and paste the following code…
@echo off for /f %%a in ('powershell Invoke-RestMethod api.ipify.org') do set ThisIP=%%a echo %ThisIP%
Note: unlike the script to read network IP address, this one relies on PowerShellwhich is only included since Windows 7. This script will thus not work on Windows XPand Vista out of the box.
Thanks for reading, I hope this guide will prove useful to you. Feel free to leave a comment in the section below! 😁
@echo off for /f "delims= tokens=2" %%a in ('ping -4 -n 1 %ComputerName% ^| findstr [') do set NetworkIP=%%a for /f %%a in ('powershell Invoke-RestMethod api.ipify.org') do set PublicIP=%%a echo Network IP: %NetworkIP% echo Public IP: %PublicIP%